Courses

DES331 Design Studio III [3-6, 6 cr.]
This course builds upon the theoretical knowledge gained in the foundation studios, through a concrete application of conceptual and perceptual analysis to problems of small and medium scale in design, and the exploration of the limits and means of developing concepts into architectural form. The course places an emphasis upon the development of representational tools in translating ideas into architectural drawings and models, specifically on the importance of drawing as a design tool.
Prerequisites: DES231 Design Studio I-A, DES232 Design Studio I-B, DES233 Design Studio II-A, and DES234 Design Studio II-B.

DES332 Design Studio IV [3-6, 6 cr.]
This course further elaborates the process of theoretical investigation of space, with emphasis on the communication of ideas through different representational models and tools. Small to medium-scale projects are studied, with emphasis on basic principles of spatial design. References and case studies of canonical works in modern design may serve as theoretical background in the continuing development of a theoretical foundation. The elaboration of a complete set of architectural drawings for the final design - encompassing plans, sections, and elevations, in addition to models, will be expected at this stage.
Prerequisite: DES331 Design Studio III.

DES341 Technical Graphics II [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course covers the specific application of technical drawing to architectural plans, and sections and elevations, with two-dimensional and three-dimensional representations, as well as axonometric, perspective, shades and shadows applied to two-dimensional, three-dimensional and perspective drawings.
Prerequisite: DES241 Technical Graphics I.

DES342 Technical Graphics III [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course covers the translation of the technical drawings of canonical projects into three-dimensional architectural models, with different materials and techniques and the development of the full set of corresponding architectural drawings, including plans, sections and elevations at appropriate scales.
Prerequisite: DES341 Technical Graphics II.

DES351 Computer Graphics I [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course specifically addresses architectural applications in computer graphics for drafting of architectural plans, sections, elevations and details.
Prerequisite: DES251 Introduction to Computer Graphics.

DES352 Computer Graphics II [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course expands on the skills learned to cover new applications for surface and solid modeling, as well as rendering, material library, and applications of light, leading to the development of complete project renderings.
Prerequisite: DES351 Computer Graphics I.

DES361 Theory I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course introduces major aesthetic theories in the field of design with an investigation of the relations between these theories and the physical space in its aesthetic, social and cultural significance, examining the ideological frameworks behind paradigmatic changes, the movements in aesthetics and their effects on the field of design.

DES371 History of Architecture I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course will trace the development of Western architecture from the Greek and Roman period, to the Byzantine, Gothic and Italian Renaissance, Late Renaissance and Baroque. Important icons and landmarks in art and architecture, as well as the principles, technical developments and ideologies underlying these various movements will be analyzed. The course will also study the importance of cultural ideas and ideals and their relation to the development of aesthetic forms, and more broadly, of civilization.

DES372 History of Architecture II [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course will trace the developments in architecture from Neo-Classicism in the 18th and 19th Centuries, to the full development of modern architecture in the 20th Century, by examining the seminal projects and buildings that characterized these developments and their subsequent transformations in Post-Modernism, deconstruction and later trends.

DES373 History of Landscape Design [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is an overview of the historical developments of landscape design with a survey of the ideas, principles and practical considerations behind the major landscape design cases under study, from the classical to the modern period.

DES401 Interior Design Workshop I [0-2, 1 cr.]
This course is an intensive workshop that introduces new theoretical and/or technical themes in support of the design sequence.
Prerequisite: DES332 Design Studio IV.

DES402 Interior Design Workshop II [0-2, 1 cr.]
This course is an intensive workshop that introduces new theoretical and/or technical themes in support of the design sequence.
Prerequisite: DES332 Design Studio IV.

DES404 Landscape Design Workshop [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course is a case study and application of an actual landscape design project or competition to be worked as an intensive workshop project.

DES421 Design Technology I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course gives an overview of the major components of a building - structural systems, envelopes, and foundation. It includes a basic survey of the various construction methods and techniques used in buildings, from wood construction to concrete, concrete block, brick, steel and glass, and their different properties.

DES422 Design Technology II [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course focuses on the interior design applications and explores the different finishing materials and techniques used in interiors with attention to problems of jointing, relation between different materials, insulation, finishes, and applications to specific design problems.

DES431 Design Studio V [3-4, 5 cr.]
This course will build upon the theoretical background of the previous studios, addressing interior design applications of small-to-medium scale in greater detail. By emphasizing details, materials and finishes in realizing a spatial “idea” in form. References from contemporary design serve as background in the continuing development of a theoretical foundation for design.
Prerequisite: DES332 Design Studio IV.

DES432 Design Studio VI [3-4, 5 cr.]
This course will expose the interior design student to the field of historic preservation, with the introduction of the various methodologies and techniques of restoration, through the exploration of a concrete example of historic preservation and restoration of an interior and its adaptive reuse.
Prerequisite: DES431 Design Studio V.

DES475 Islamic Architecture in the Age of Empires [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course surveys the development of Islamic architecture under the most powerful Islamic empires of the early modern period, namely the Ottomans of Turkey, the Mughals of India, and the Safavids of Iran. It reviews and analyzes a number of paradigmatic architectural examples from these illustrious Islamic dynasties as a way of elucidating how each royal house possessed its unique vision of the world, a vision which ultimately led to the formulation of unique regional styles in architecture. Sacred, commemorative, and secular monuments will be closely examined to illustrate how royal Muslim patronage evolved, how it produced structures of unprecedented scale and complexity, and how Islam and modernity began to come to terms.
Prerequisite: DES376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture.

DES476 Art and Architecture of the Mamluks [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course offers a close examination of the visual art of the Mamluks from the 13th Century until the beginning of the 16th Century. It will discuss and analyze the distinctive design vocabulary of the Mamluks and trace its stylistic development across time and space. Cities, landmarks and artifacts will be studied in their cultural, political, socio-economic and aesthetic contexts, and evaluated in terms of courtly aspirations and the sources of design inspiration. Furthermore, the course will employ a range of methodologies and will explore a variety of themes including patronage, power, courtly taste and the role of waqf.
Prerequisite: DES376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture.

DES477 Art and Architecture of the Umayyad [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course offers an in-depth investigation of the material heritage of the Umayyad dynasty in Syria in the 17th and 18th centuries. Monuments and artefacts are examined in terms of their purpose and meaning, and are interpreted in the context of cultural history. Particular attention is afforded to the formation of Islamic art and to the discernment of what can be regarded as “Islamic” in the visual art forms of Islam. This involves exploring cross-cultural dialogues in the Levant in the first century of Islam, and the attempt to blend elements from the west and east in the framework of the new faith.
Prerequisite: DES376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture.

DES 478 The Decorative Arts of Islam (650-1650) [2-0, 2 cr]
This course is a survey of the salient examples of decorative arts of Medieval Islam. Arts of the book, calligraphy, metalwork, ceramics, textiles, ivory and woodcarving, are explored within their religious, political and socio-economic contexts, as well as in terms of meaning, function, aesthetics and emerging forms. Particular emphasis is given to the regional design vocabulary and the evolution of style, content and iconography. The course also investigates the pivotal role of geometry, vegetable ornaments and epigraphy in Islamic design and the supremacy of color and pattern.
Prerequisite: DES375 Introduction to Islamic Art.

DES481 Construction Documents [2-4, 4 cr.]
This course is a preparation of a detailed set of working drawings for the execution of an interior design project, beginning with the architectural plans with details at appropriate scale, to the electrical and mechanical plans, furniture plans, finishing and construction details, in addition to a basic overview of the design codes applied regionally and internationally.
Prerequisite: DES432 Design Studio VI.

DES484 Furniture Design [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a survey of the major changes in the design of furniture, from the period of late Renaissance and Rococo, to the Styles period of the 18th and 19th centuries, arts and crafts, and modern and contemporary furniture design. The survey also covers the different technologies and transformation in design processes.

DES523 Environmental Systems I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course covers the study and design of plumbing systems, in addition to heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems, with a survey of the different systems and their properties, cost analysis and environmental factors, including a survey of environmentally sound alternatives such as solar energy and heating, insulated walls, and alternative materials.

DES524 Environmental Systems II [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course deals with two subjects - lighting and electrical circuits, and acoustics. The first part addresses the analysis of the basic electric circuits, with emphasis on energy management, electric ratings and capacity, wiring and lighting systems and different lighting equipment, and methods for building electrical systems. The second part is a survey of basic acoustical systems, theories, acoustic properties of different materials used in buildings and their consequences on noise reduction, as well as a study of the properties of acoustical spaces, such as theaters or concert halls.

DES531 Design Studio VII [3-4, 5 cr.]
This course will further address the application of technology in design, through creative detailing of spatial design components, interior furniture and other fixtures of design as part of the design process. This studio will focus on the detail as an extension of the theoretical tools of ideation and conceptualization. These investigations, through detailing, will normally involve a particular attention to construction techniques and a further development of the knowledge of materials and finishes, down to the design of furniture components.
Prerequisite: DES432 Design Studio VI.

DES532 Design Studio VIII [3-4, 5 cr.]
Synthesizing previously explored aspects of design, this studio will focus on the investigation of important contemporary themes in design. Particular attention will be drawn, in this case, on the simultaneous development of design through contemporary representational media, while also providing an opportunity for students to propose a personal project based on a critical problem which simultaneously addresses the various theoretical and technical aspects of the design within the parameters set for the final project.
Prerequisite: DES531 Design Studio VII.

DES583 Internship [0-1, 1 cr.]
This course is an introduction to the professional practice, with introductory lectures that outline the basics of job search, applications, and practical training, to be followed by a documented practical experience (200 work hours) in a professional firm, approved by the department.

DES585 Professional Practice [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course introduces the business aspects of the design practice through the exploration of the financial, legal and managerial aspects, such as contract negotiations, marketing design services and managing client/contractor relationships, with an introduction to economic and management principles of design projects, financing, cost-estimate and budgeting.

DES591 International Studio [1-4, 3 cr.]
This course is a study abroad of the specific interior design and architectural works, supported by a preparatory series of lectures/presentations on the subject of study. Students would be required to analyze and document specific works and study their relationship the urban history and culture of the area, to be documented and presented in a portfolio.
Prerequisite: DES432 Design Studio VI.

DES592 International Workshop [1-2, 3 cr.]
This course is a workshop abroad at a host school, revolving around specific and intensive interior design projects.
Prerequisite: DES432 Design Studio VI.

ARC311 Building Systems I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is an introductory course to the basic laws of equilibrium, covering forces on particles, bodies and structures or assemblage of elements, simple algebraic applications of the equations of equilibrium in 1-D and 2-D with free body diagram analysis. The course will include experimental investigation of the stability of structures such as solid object, beams, frames, trusses, and simple buildings, and the different ways to support gravity and other loads by vertical transfer and lateral transfer of forces. It will also include an introduction to the concept of compressive and tensile uni-axial stresses in structural members and to internal forces in beams, shear and moment diagram concepts, with empirical investigation of beam bending.
Prerequisite: MTH102 Calculus II, and PHY111 Mechanics.

ARC312 Building Systems II [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is an introduction of the basic concepts of internal stresses and strains inside structural members, solid bodies and the limit states for strength and deformation. Experimental investigation of the different types of stresses and the resulting deformations are covered. This course will also make use of computer software to model internal and external behavior of structural elements and assemblages of structural elements. It will serve to develop a physical understanding of the interrelationship of material properties, structural dimensions, and structural behavior and safety through the numerical simulation of the behavior of typical designs using simple computer packages.
Prerequisites: MTH102 Calculus II, and PHY111 Mechanics.

ARC331 Design Studio III [3-6, 6 cr.]
This course builds upon and extends the theoretical knowledge gained in the foundation studios through a concrete application of conceptual and perceptual analysis to problems of small and medium scale in design, and the exploration of the limits and means of developing concepts into architectural form. The studio will emphasize on the development of representational tools in translating ideas into architectural drawings and models, specifically stressing on the importance of drawing as a design tool.
Prerequisites: ARC231 Design Studio I-A, ARC232 Design Studio I-B, ARC233 Design Studio II-A, and ARC234 Design Studio II-B.

ARC332 Design Studio IV [3-6, 6 cr.]
This course further elaborates the process of theoretical investigation of space with emphasis on the communication of ideas through different representational models and tools. The course covers the study of small to medium scale projects, with emphasis on the basic principles of spatial design. References and case studies of canonical works in modern design may serve as a theoretical background in the continuing development of a theoretical foundation. In addition to the models, the elaboration of a complete set of architectural drawings for the final design, encompassing plans, sections, and elevations in addition to the models will also be expected at this stage.
Prerequisite: ARC331 Design Studio III.

ARC341 Technical Graphics II [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course covers the specific application of technical drawings to architectural plans, sections and elevations, with two-dimensional and three-dimensional representations, axonometric, perspective, shades and shadows, applied to two-dimensional, three-dimensional and perspective drawings.
Prerequisite: ARC241 Technical Graphics I.

ARC342 Technical Graphics III [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course covers the translation of the technical drawings of canonical projects into three-dimensional architectural models with different materials and techniques, and the development of the full set of corresponding architectural drawings (plans, sections, and elevations) at appropriate scales.
Prerequisite: ARC341 Technical Graphics II.

ARC351 Computer Graphics I [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course specifically addresses the architectural applications in computer graphics, for drafting of architectural plans, sections, elevations and details.
Prerequisite: ARC251 Introduction to Computer Graphics.

ARC352 Computer Graphics II [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course expands on the skills learned to cover new applications for surface and solid modeling, as well as rendering material library, applications of light, leading to the development of complete project renderings.
Prerequisite: ARC351 Computer Graphics I.

ARC361 Theory I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course introduces the major aesthetic theories in the field of design with an investigation of the relations between these theories and physical space in its aesthetic, social and cultural significance, examining the ideological frameworks behind paradigmatic changes and movements in aesthetics and their effects on the field of design.

ARC363 Theory II [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is an in depth examination of the ideologies behind modern and post-modern culture and the influence of contemporary theories on the architectural and design cultures, with a thematic approach that deals with the specific aspects of contemporary practice.

ARC371 History of Architecture I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course surveys the history of architecture, from early civilizations until the 17th century. It covers Western and non-Western architecture within this time span. The survey explores the major architectural styles in Europe from Classical Greece to Baroque architecture, as well as the main traditions in Asia, pre-Columbian America and Africa. The survey will also cover developments in Islamic Architecture from the 8th century to the 17th century. 

ARC404 Landscape Design Workshop [1-2, 2 cr.]
This course is an elaboration of an actual landscape design project or competition, either within the format of a regular term project or as a series of intensive workshops.

ARC405 Design Workshop-IAAD* [0-2, 1 cr.]
This workshop will revolve around an intensive thematic investigation, consisting of a seminar combined with design application, addressing a design problem of current importance, such as a competition for a mosque or madrassah, or the restoration of a historic structure in the Islamic world.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC411 Building Systems III [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is an introduction to the different soil-structural systems, and the multiplicity of ways that they impact architectural design, in addition to the analysis of the properties of different structural systems. Discussion of the interaction between building envelopes and structural systems and the introduction of the current and applicable engineering structural models will be covered.
Prerequisite: ARC312 Building Systems II.

ARC412 Building Systems IV [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course covers the selection of specific applications for the design of structural systems in conjunction with architectural design projects, or as applicable to a real life situation. Comparisons between computer/empirical simulation for design and code compliance, as well as the selection of one structural system (Concrete/ACI, Steel/AISC, or other) for detailed design, are covered.
Prerequisite: ARC312 Building Systems II.

ARC421 Building Technology I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is an overview of the major components of a building — foundation, walls, openings, roof, floors — and their interrelation through construction. Analysis of the different construction elements — structure, bearing walls, envelope, components — with their variation in materials, in addition to the study of the different techniques used for the insulation of buildings, are covered.

ARC422 Building Technology II [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is an analysis of the traditional construction systems, such as concrete, brick and wood construction and their various properties. Focus on the specific characteristic of each system and its compatibility with other materials, its physical treatment as well as the different possibilities of its finishing, weathering and maintenance are covered.

ARC431 Design Studio V [3-6, 6 cr.]
This studio will deal with projects that examine problems of different structures and materials and focus on building technology, building program, environmental and site factors as essential parameters in the development and resolution of a design project. The studio will be given in correlation with the Building Technology courses in order to reinforce the relationship of conceptual design to materials and construction techniques, and as a means to give concrete form to design projects.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC432 Design Studio VI [3-6, 6 cr.]
This course involves the development of projects of greater complexity in terms of functional and programmatic constraints with specific attention to the structural dimension in design according to the different technologies and building systems projected. This studio will address technical and construction details and will explore the architectural detail as an essential element in the design process.
Prerequisite: ARC431 Design Studio V.

ARC435 Design Studio - IAAD [2-4, 4 cr.]
This course investigates projects pertaining to contemporary design issues in the Islamic world, for example the design of religious centers, housing, schools, cultural compounds and libraries, with specific focus on the issues of context, cultural setting and climate. The design will be studied in terms of functional and programmatic constraints and in relationship to cultural considerations. Students will be encouraged to develop their ideas by critically assessing the applicability of traditional Islamic design paradigms to contemporary design problems. The studio will be further enriched through discussions and critique of contemporary design in the Islamic world.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC451 Digital Modeling [2-2, 3 cr.]
An introduction to 3D digital modeling through generation, manipulation and total control of complex geometrical and free form objects as related to design issues and applications, enabling students to explore new tools for design.
Prerequisite: ARC352 Computer Graphics II.

ARC452 Computer Animation [2-2, 3 cr.]
An advanced visualization of space to user-defined lighting and materials, in order to generate realistic 3D rendered walk-through, parts in motion and animation techniques.
Prerequisite: ARC 352 Computer Graphics II [with a C passing grade]

ARC454 Dynamic 3D Modeling [2-2, 3 cr.]
An introduction to building information modeling with the understanding of real time modeling including spatial relationship and properties of building components.
Prerequisite: ARC352 Computer Graphics II.

ARC461 Topics in Architecture Theory [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course will address the architectural theories with a focus on the specific themes of contemporary relevance and importance. The course will be run as an advanced theory seminar.
Prerequisite: ARC363 Theory II.

ARC462 Seminar in Architecture Theory [3-0, 3cr.]
This seminar will address theoretical topics of relevance to contemporary architectural developments. The course will consist of a series of thematic lectures, followed by student presentations on related topics, complemented by critical debates. The course will explore the inter-relation between ideas and the development of built forms in different contexts and cultures, and will serve as a platform for individual research.
Prerequisite: ARC363 Theory II.

ARC471 Contemporary Trends [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a study of the important design projects with analysis of their aesthetic concepts and structural innovations, focusing on particular themes and/or movements, in contemporary design.

ARC472 Classical Art and Architecture [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a thorough investigation of the classical art and architecture of the Greek and Roman periods, with specific studies of important artistic and architectural works. The course highlights the theoretical dimensions of these works and their role within the cultural history of the periods in which they were created.

ARC473 Architecture of the Renaissance [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a thorough investigation of the art and architecture of the Italian Renaissance and the Late Renaissance, with specific studies of important artistic and architectural works and the theoretical framework of these works as well as their role within the cultural history of the periods in which they were created. The course also covers the consequences and developments of these works on the broader European context.

ARC475 Islamic Architecture in the Age of Empires [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course surveys the development of Islamic architecture under the most powerful Islamic empires of the early modern period, namely the Ottomans of Turkey, the Mughals of India, and the Sfavids of Iran. It reviews and analyzes a number of paradigmatic architectural examples from these illustrious Islamic dynasties, as a way of elucidating how each royal house possessed its unique vision of the world, a vision which ultimately led to the formulation of unique regional styles in architecture. Sacred, commemorative and secular monuments will be closely examined, so as to illustrate how royal Muslim patronage evolved, how it produced structures of unprecedented scale and complexity and how Islam and modernity began evolved.
Prerequisite: IAA375 Introduction to Islamic Art, and IAA376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture

ARC476 Art and Architecture of the Mamluks [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course offers a close examination of the visual art of the Mamluks from the 13th Century until the beginning of the 16th Century. It will examine the distinctive design vocabulary of the Mamluks and trace its stylistic development across time and space. Cities, landmarks and artifacts will be studied in their cultural, political, socio-economic and aesthetic contexts and evaluated in terms of courtly aspirations and the sources of design inspiration. The course will also employ a range of methodologies and variety of themes including patronage, power, courtly taste and the role of Waqf.
Prerequisite: ARC376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture.

ARC477 Art and Architecture of the Umayyad [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course offers an in-depth investigation of the material heritage of the Umayyad dynasty in Syria in the 17th and 18th centuries. Monuments and artefacts will be examined in terms of their purpose and meaning, and will be interpreted in the context of cultural history. Particular attention will be afforded to the issue of the formation of Islamic art and the discernment of what can be regarded as “Islamic” in the visual art forms of Islam. This will involve exploring cross-cultural dialogues in the Levant in the 1st Century of Islam, and the attempt to blend the elements from West and East in the framework of the new faith.
Prerequisite: ARC376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture.

ARC478 The Decorative Arts of Islam (650-1650) [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a survey of the salient examples of decorative arts of Medieval Islam. Arts of the Book, calligraphy, metalwork, ceramics, textiles, ivory and woodcarving will be explored within their religious, political and socio-economic context, as well as in terms of meaning, function, aesthetics and emerging forms. Particular emphasis will be given to the regional design vocabulary and to the evolution of style, content and iconography. The course will also investigate the pivotal role of geometry, vegetable ornaments and epigraphy in Islamic design and the supremacy of color and pattern.
Prerequisite: ARC375 Introduction to Islamic Art.

ARC481 Construction Documents [1-6, 4 cr.]
This course entails a preparation of a full set of architectural working drawings for the execution of a mid-size building or project. The course will also cover the basics of preparing a specifications’ document.
Prerequisites: ARC Introduction to Islamic Architecture, and ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC482 Regional Architecture I [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course covers the analytical and historical survey of the regional architectural heritage with a specific focus on the traditional domestic architecture of Lebanon and the analysis of setting and building techniques as well as other factors on the development of regional architecture in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC483 Regional Architecture II [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course covers an on-site application of the study of the regional architectural heritage with case studies, analysis and documentation of particular landmarks, religious structures and domestic houses.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC484 Regional Urbanism [2-2, 3 cr.]
This course entails students preparing a case study of a regional town, supported by a field survey of the urban structure and its historical development, as well as an investigation of the role of climate, topography, typology, building technology and other factors in the development of its urban plan and morphology.
Prerequisite: ARC332 Design Studio IV.

ARC501 Design Workshop I [0-2, 1 cr.]
This course is a workshop in conjunction with Design Studio VII, to introduce new computer modeling and rendering techniques, and/or to explore the new technologies in structural and environmental design.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC502 Design Workshop II [0-2, 1 cr.]
This course is a workshop in the design topics that offer exposure to the practice of architecture in other contexts, revolving around specific and intensive design exercises, as a supplement to Design Studio VIII.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC521 Building Technology III [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course deals with the detailing in design and the role of the detail in the generation of design, from brick to wood and steel detailing, with actual drawings, and/or actual construction exercises, at 1:1 or 1:2 scale of wall sections in different materials, as well as in fixture details, windows and other architectural components.

ARC522 Building Technology IV [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course coves an analysis of the high-tech construction systems such as steel and glass, as well as new systems and materials of construction and their various properties and technical advantages. The course will focus on the specific characteristic of each system/material and its compatibility with other materials, its physical treatment as well as the different possibilities of its finishing, weathering and maintenance.

ARC523 Environmental Systems I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course covers the study and design of plumbing systems in addition to heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems, with a survey of the different systems and their properties, cost analysis, and environmental factors including a survey of environmentally sound alternatives such as solar energy and heating, insulated walls, alternative materials.

ARC524 Environmental Systems II [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course deals with two subjects: lighting and electrical circuits, and acoustics. The first part addresses the analysis of the basic electric circuits, with emphasis on energy management, electric ratings and capacity, wiring and lighting systems and different lighting equipment, and the methods for building electrical systems. The second part is a survey of the basic acoustical systems, theories, the acoustic properties of different materials used in buildings and their consequences on noise reduction, as well as a study of the properties of acoustical spaces, such as theaters or concert halls.

ARC531 Design Studio VII [3-4, 5 cr.]
This course is an elaboration of projects with continuing emphasis on technical, structural and environmental parameters in design. This is covered through the investigation of complex building types, stressing the necessity of adapting computer-aided means as a design tool in the early phases of the design process, namely from the analysis to design production. The studio will also investigate the emerging technologies in environmental systems as a means to making new buildings responsive to environmental issues.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC532 Design Studio VIII [3-4, 5 cr.]
This studio will be open to new issues in design through projects that address contemporary design problems and/or use state of the art media in the process of design production and representation. Projects that deal with complex urban issues and/or competitions are encouraged at this stage.
Prerequisite: ARC531 Design Studio VII.

ARC551 Computer Graphics Studio [2-4, 4 cr.]
A design studio oriented towards investigating and conceptualizing design problems through computer-aided tools from their initial stages to the design development, by means of new digital methodologies.
Prerequisite: Any two of the following courses:
ARC 451 Digital Modeling
ARC 452 Computer Animation
ARC 454 Dynamic 3D Modeling

ARC561 Seminar [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course involves a series of lectures and/or presentations that focus discussions around ideas, theories and projects that influenced classical, modern or contemporary developments in architecture.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC581 Urban Planning I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is a survey of the city as a historical development in relation with economic, social and political factors, from the early settlements to the development of contemporary urbanism. It involves a broad overview of the current planning theories, from the context of modernist ideals to the social studies of planners and sociologists.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC582 Urban Planning II [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course is a study of the actual planning processes, issues and problems, urban and regional zoning, and demographical projections, with comparative studies of regional, or international, planning cases.
Prerequisite: ARC581 Urban Planning I.

ARC583 Internship [0-0, 1 cr.]
This course is an introduction to the professional practice, with introductory lectures that outline the basics of job search, application and practical training. The course involves a documented practical experience (200 work hours) in a professional firm, approved by the Department.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC584 Building Codes and Laws [1-0, 1 cr.]
This course is a study of the local and regional building codes, with an introduction to other codes (USA, Europe, the Arab World) as comparative tools and an introduction to the local laws governing the building industry.

ARC584 Architecture in the Middle East [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course will trace architectural developments in the Middle East from the end of the Nineteenth century to the Present. The survey will cover the colonial period and the process of westernization in Middle Eastern countries, as well as the formation of National schools of architecture and the ensuing spread of Modernism. The problematic relationship between modernity and local traditions will be examined, in addition to the particular ‘postmodern’ reactions that followed.
Prerequisite: ARC/DES372 History of Architecture II

ARC585 Professional Practice [2-0, 2 cr.]
This course will introduce the business aspects of the design practice, through the exploration of the financial, legal, and managerial aspects, contract negotiations, marketing design services, and managing of the client and contractor relationships, with an introduction to the economic and management principles of design projects, financing, cost-estimate and budgeting.

ARC591 International Studio [1-4, 3 cr.]
This course involves a study abroad, covering the specific works of the classical or modern architecture, supported by a preparatory series of lectures/presentations on the subject of study. Students will be required to study, analyze and document specific works including their relationship to the urban history and culture of the area, which will be presented in a portfolio.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC595 International Studio [1-4, 3 cr.]
This studio offers an opportunity for the students to gain a first-hand experience of the wealth and breadth of the material heritage of the Arab and Islamic worlds. The knowledge gained through the design history and theory courses will be complemented by field trips and site visits that offer direct exposure to and engagement with the architectural heritage of a particular region in the Islamic world, or an area with substantial Islamic heritage outside of the Islamic world. Students will be required to analyze and document specific works and study their relationship with the urban history and culture of the area. This will then be documented and presented in a portfolio.
Prerequisite: IAA375 Introduction to Islamic Art, and IAA376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture

ARC592 International Workshop [1-2, 3 cr.]
This course is a workshop abroad at a host school revolving around specific and intensive architectural and urban design projects.
Prerequisite: ARC432 Design Studio VI.

ARC601 Final Project Research [0-2, 1 cr.]
This is a research course supervised by the selected advisor for the final project studio, with the elaboration and definition of a thesis proposal, including a detailed program and site analysis, as well as the documentation of any other relevant research material.
Prerequisite: ARC532 Design Studio VIII.

ARC631 Design Studio IX [3-4, 5 cr.]
This studio will concentrate on a design problem addressing the urban dimension in architecture. Projects in this studio will analyze problems of practical relevance to contemporary urban settings, with an investigation of the social and ideological aspects of the urban design process. Projects in this studio will deal with a comprehensive study of a city or a section of a large city, as a prelude to the development of a final project and as an elaboration to the studies developed in this studio.
Prerequisite: ARC532 Design Studio VIII.

ARC632 Design Studio X [3-4, 5 cr.]
The final studio in this sequence is an opportunity for students to develop an individual project through the formulation of a critical problem. This must simultaneously address the various factors in the design process, and lead to a synthesis that demonstrates a thorough understanding and resolution of the different issues analyzed in the design of a building, from the understanding of context, to structural and environmental systems, down to the details of construction.
Prerequisites: ARC601 Final Project Research, and ARC631 Design Studio IX

ART331 History of Art I [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is a survey of the visual art of the ancient Oriental, Classical, and Medieval Periods.

IAA375 Introduction to Islamic art [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is an introduction to the arts of the Muslim world from the rise of Islam until the advent of the early modern period. This course comprises a selective survey of artifacts drawn from a variety of media that represent the pinnacles of artistic accomplishment across the vast expanse of the Islamic world. Paintings, textiles, coins, ceramics, metal work, jewelry, and woodcarving will be investigated in the context of cultural history and examined in terms of their evolving forms, multiple meanings, and the development of a distinctively Islamic aesthetic. Particular emphasis will be placed on the spiritual content of Islamic art, the role of the artist in Islamic society, and the effect of religious pronouncements on the production of art.

IAA376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course is a survey of the architectural heritage of the Islamic world from the early caliphate to the era of the Muslim superpowers of the pre-modern times. It traces the most significant and influential edifices of the Muslim world from Spain in the west to India in the east. Monuments are studied and analyzed in their political, religious, socio- economic, cultural, and aesthetic contexts. The course also examines the evolution of such varied building types as mosques, madrasas, mausoleums, caravanserays, and palaces. Selected structures is studied through a range of methodologies and the development of Islamic architecture is analyzed from the standpoint of the manipulation of space, materials, and building technology.

IAA481 Contemporary Art in the Islamic World [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course will explore contemporary artistic developments in the Islamic world, with a focus on recent artistic works in the Middle East. It will also focus on the critical reception of such artworks in their original settings, as well as internationally.

IAA595 International Studio [1-4, 3 cr.]
This studio offers an opportunity for the students to gain a first-hand experience of the wealth and breadth of the material heritage of the Arab and Islamic worlds. The knowledge gained through the design history and theory courses will be complemented by field trips and site visits that offer direct exposure to and engagement with the architectural heritage of a particular region in the Islamic world, or an area with substantial Islamic heritage outside of the Islamic world. Students will be required to analyze and document specific works and study their relationship with the urban history and culture of the area. This will then be documented and presented in a portfolio.
Prerequisite: IAA375 Introduction to Islamic Art, and IAA376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture

IAA741 Byzantine and Early Islamic Art and Architecture [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course studies the formation and developments of several periods in Western Asia since the founding of Constantinople in the middle of the 4th century to the middle of the 9th century. It explores the influences of Hellenistic culture in the development of the Late Antique, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods. Emphasis will be on culture interruption, continuity, appropriation, and influences.

IAA742 Ayyubid and Mamluk Art and Architecture [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course explores the formation of Ayyubid and Mamluk art and architecture in light of the continuing development of new scholarship in the field. It surveys the development of art and architecture between 1171 and 1516, with a special emphasis on field studies in Lebanon, Syria, and Egypt. The lectures would also address the various methods to approach the arts and architecture of this period. Essential to the course is reading primary sources; historical texts and documents, and exploring the complexity of relationships between the various social aspects and art and architecture of the period.
Prerequisite: IAA375 Introduction to Islamic Art, and IAA376 Introduction to Islamic Architecture

IAA744 Ornament in Islamic Art Architecture [3-0, 3 cr.]
This course addresses the important role of the ornament in Islamic art and architecture. It explores the various theories of ornament from the Nineteenth century to the present, and studies its applications in Islamic art and architecture. The course would require from students personal research, detailed archival and fieldwork to study various types of ornament.

IAA745 Calligraphy in Islamic Art and Architecture [3-0, 3 cr.]
This is an intensive survey of the development of the Arabic script and its application on various media. Special emphasis will be on the role of calligraphy in Islamic cultures. The course will address the function and meaning of the usa of calligraphy, its communicative, decorative, and symbolic functions, covering its use in religious and secular contexts, and in various media.

IAA746 Geometry in Islamic Art and Architecture [, 3 cr.]
This course addresses an iconic aspect of Islamic art in the context of the general development of sciences in the Islamic world. It explores the extensive literature about the use of geometry in Islamic art and architecture, and the various theories related to its interpretation. The course will also present a series of case studies of patterns, investigating their function in the visual arts and architecture.